100% of Overwhelmed in 1% the Time (Book Summary)

In the Middle Ages, the sin of sloth could mean two things: the laziness we picture now and the sense that “There’s no real place I’m going, but by God, I’m making great time getting there.”

It seems we have contradictory information. John Robinson’s studies show people work the same amount of time, or less, as 40 years ago. He believes “Saying, ‘I don’t have time,’ is just another way of saying, ‘I’d rather do something else.'” Meanwhile, a Health Canada report shows more and more experience role overload, leading to mental and physical ails, suggesting “these workloads re not sustainable over the long term.” Any leisure time is scattered and fragmented by multi-tasking.

Busyness serves many purposes, making people feel important with purpose. Many feel guilty for any leisure. But the chronic stress of busyness actually shrinks the prefrontal cortex (while mindfulness grows the prefrontal cortex), which is responsible for our highest cognitive executive functions. It also impairs the immune system, increasing vulnerability to inflammation and a host of ails. And, it can literally alter the DNA in children. How you feel about stress in your life is the best predictor of your general health.

Overwork is also harmful to work performance. Face time for the sake of face time, for instance, impedes creativity and good thinking. When employees have a full personal life, though, they are more engaged, productive, and innovative in their professional life. This is why France, Germany, and the Netherlands established rights to flexible or short work hours. This is why the Dutch government promotes a program that allows parents to work overlapping 4-day weeks so childcare is only needed for three days.

Danish mothers have on average 1.5 hours of child-less leisure time daily – more than any other country studied. They belong to sports clubs, take courses of interest, and build lasting friendships at mothers groups. They tend to value achievement and possessions less – instead prioritizing a good life and finding status in leisure activities. At work, they focus on efficiency. Denmark is one of the most productive countries with one of the highest standard of living, and the smallest gap between rich and poor.


The ability to choose what really interests you and follow through on the leisure plans, without letting them become more work, may need to be re-learned. Part of it has to do with developing self-efficacy to put yourself first by (1) doing things you do well to remind yourself you can, (2) finding role models or mentors, and (3) accepting and believing positive feedback. When you worry you’re not enough, you set unrealistic expectations for yourself to try proving that worry wrong, but it backfires because you set yourself up to fall short. The other part is priority. Plan weekly the important stuff in the calendar, including a small chunk of time to complete the unimportant stuff, and everything else will flow around it.

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How to Be Happy at Work for Life (WE Book Summary)

I just read We: How to Increase Performance and Profits through Full Engagement but, unlike my usual approach, I didn’t take notes. Still, I was inspired to write a summary. Work not only takes time from other areas of our lives; it also induces emotions influencing all areas: relationships, health, and happiness. The more engaged you are in your work, the happier you will be at work and in life overall. Employers and managers can only create an environment facilitating positive emotions; the rest is up to each individual employee.

  • Go for a work-life blend, not balance. The idea they’re separate isn’t true anyway.
  • Find your purpose and passion. If you can’t fit it into your job yet, find a hobby to give you meaning aligned with your personal passions.
  • Understand the role you play. By seeing how your work impacts others and the organization overall, you can feel part of a team with a common goal.
  • Grow your own career. In HR, we see time and time again how important career development is to an employee’s satisfaction and engagement.
  • Build relationships. You’re with these people a lot, and they can make your life a lot easier if you have a rapport.
  • Set small goals. Build positive habits. You’ll get small wins contributing to big results. Use your strengths and learn new things for maximum effect.
  • Take on accountability. Commit publicly. You’ll show initiative, leadership, and responsibleness, plus you’ll be more motivated.
  • If you just don’t fit the culture, find a new team or organization. It’s worth it.